Fluorine in surface and suprapermafrost waters in Central Yakutia

S.V. Fedorova, N.А. Pavlova*
DOI 10.31242/2618-9712-2022-27-2-233-245

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Melnikov Permafrost Institute SB RAS, Yakutsk, Russia
*[email protected]

Submitted 22.12.2021
Revised 15.02.2022
Accepted 30.03.2022

For citation
Fedorova S.V., Pavlova N.A. Fluorine in surface and suprapermafrost waters in Central Yakutia // Arctic and Subarctic Natural Resources. 2022, Vol. 27, No. 2. P. 233–245. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.31242/2618-9712-2022-27-2-233-245

Abstract. We studied the distribution of fluorine in fresh and slightly salty surface waters, and suprapermafrost waters in Central Yakutia. The study was based on the results of hydrochemical works carried out by employees of the Melnikov Permafrost Institute SB RAS from 1984 to 2019. According to the sanitary requirements, the optimal concentration of fluorine in drinking water is 0.5–1.0 mg/L, with its maximum concentration 1.2–1.5 mg/L. Excessive intake of fluoride leads to disorders in the musculoskeletal, neuroendocrine and cardiovascular systems, while its deficiency leads to formation of dental caries. We used chemical analyzes of water samples from the surface streams and water bodies (479 samples), and underground waters of the vadoze zone (375 samples). The analyzes of water samples in the rivers and channel taliks showed that the average content of fluorine was no more than 0.3 mg/L, which did not reach the requirement for its optimal level for drinking water. The analyzes also showed a deficiency of fluorine in the waters of lakes and taliks under erosional and tukulan lakes. However, the fluorine content exceeded 1.5 mg/L in stagnant lakes, where more than 50 % of the cationic composition of water was sodium ion. Meanwhile fluorine concentration reached 3.2 mg/L in taliks under the stagnant thermokarst lakes. The saturation of suprapermafrost waters with fluorine can occur in the area of spring discharge under the influence of cryogenic disintegration of water-bearing rocks and metamorphization of the chemical composition of water during phase transitions. They lead to the precipitation of calcite from the solution, its pH increase, and accumulation of fluorine.

Keywords: fluorine, Lena river, small rivers, lakes, taliks, suprapermafrost waters, chemical composition

Acknowledgements. The research was partially supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant number 20-05-00670). The authors are grateful to L.Yu. Boitsova and O.V. Shepeleva (PI SB RAS) for carrying out the analytical studies of water samples, Shepelev V.V. (PI SB RAS) for helpful comments.


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