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Resistance of seed progeny of plants from natural populations of Deschampsia cespitosa in the Arctic zone to elevated zinc concentrations

N.M. Kaznina*, G.F. Laidinen, Yu.V. BatovaA.F. Titov
DOI 10.31242/2618-9712-2022-27-1-70-79

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Institute of Biology, Karelian Researches Centre of the RAS, Petrozavodsk, Russia
*[email protected]

Received 21.01.2022
Accepted 11.02.2022

Citation
Kaznina N.M., Laidinen G.F., Batova Y.V., Titov A.F. Resistance of seed progeny of plants from natural populations of Deschampsia cespitosa in the Arctic zone to elevated zinc concentrations // Arctic and Subarctic Natural Resources. 2022, Vol. 27, No. 1. P. 70–79. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.31242/2618-9712-2022-27-1-70-79

Abstract. This study investigated the resistance of seed progeny of plants represented by three natural populations of Deschampsia cespitosa to high zinc concentrations (110 and 165 mg/kg of sandy substrate) under the conditions of greenhouse experiment. These populations located in different regions of the Republic of Karelia (Belomorsky, Kemsky and Loukhsky), included in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. We have given a brief description of the climatic features of these areas and the degree of their contamination with pollutants. We have found that plants grown from the seeds collected in all three populations took root well on a substrate with a zinc excess, but their further growth depended on the seeds place of origin. The seed progeny of plants from the Belomorsky population, the southernmost of those studied, was the most resistant to zinc excess. They grew in the natural environment in more favorable climatic conditions, but were subjected to the strongest anthropogenic impact for a long period. The plants grown from the seeds of the Loukhsky population, the northernmost and ecologically clean area, turned out to be much less resistant to a zinc excess. We consider that the use of D. cespitosa for the restoration of zinccontaminated territories in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation is reasonable and promising. Furthermore, we emphasize that the use of seeds of plants growing in the natural conditions in the northern territories with a high level of technogenic load is more favourable.

Keywords: Deschampsia cespitosa, populations, zinc excess, survival rate, plant growth.

Acknowledgements. The research was carried out within the framework of the Institute of Biophysics Karelian Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (FMEN-2022-0004).


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