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Problem of integration of regulatory ecosystem services in the environmental management economy

T.V. Tikhonova*
DOI 10.31242/2618-9712-2022-27-1-80-97

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Institute of Socio-Economic and Energy Problems of the FIC Komi SC URO RAS, Syktyvkar, Russia
*[email protected]

Received 04.06.2021
Accepted 22.12.2021

Citation
Tikhonova T.V. Problem of integration of regulatory ecosystem services in the environmental management economy // Arctic and Subarctic Natural Resources. 2022, Vol. 27, No. 1. P. 80–97. (In Russ.) https://doi. org/10.31242/2618-9712-2022-27-1-80-97

Abstract. Recognition of ecosystem services as part of natural capital is evident. The introduction of its accounting in economic activities is becoming a new milestone in the economics of environmental management. The integration of ecosystem services into the socio-economic processes of forest management using the example of specially protected natural areas of the region became the goal of this study. Analysis of the use of ecosystem services assessment has shown its diversity, including computer modelling, mapping, the development of scenario approaches to the development of the Territory, the introduction of payments for the use of services and compensation payments for their loss. The economic assessment of ecosystem services of protected objects is based on compensatory and alternative costs within forests and administrative areas, proportional to their area. It showed a decrease in its share in GRP of the region in the dynamics of the previous fifteen years, both in kind and given indicators. The conservation and management of ecosystem services will be facilitated by the introduction of institutional and economic arrangements at conservation sites. The toolkit includes zoning of objects, arrangement of cordons, recreation places, ecological trails, organization of waste disposal, as well as introduction of input fees and charitable contributions to preserve the quality of the natural environment. One of the first practical steps to use the accounting of ecosystem services was information in forest plans since 2019, the analysis of which is a scientific novelty. It showed a lack of uniformity in the list of ecosystem services, a different understanding of the content of their characteristics, the use of several methods to evaluate the same services. This may lead to significant discrepancies in environmental assessment. These deficiencies can be addressed by the adoption at the departmental level of general rules (guidelines) that provide requirements and methods for the assessment of EVs for forest management purposes.

Keywords: ecosystem services, economic assessment, forest plan, specially protected natural areas, ecosystem services conservation tools.

Acknowledgements. The research was carried out as part of the scientific work “Sustainable resource management of the northern region: factors and models” (Number 121021800128-8).


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